影响利率的因素有哪些?

2017-01-19 15:34:43

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在货币市场中,交易者在货币走势顺心时买入或卖出货币,但却不考虑当前的全球新闻或事件。货币就像是另一种大宗商品,也会受到供需关系的影响。当越来越多的人追逐某个货币时,该货币的价值就会增加。当需求降低,或是人们不想持有某种货币时,该货币的价值就会下跌。哪些因素会影响到货币的供需关系呢?

经济增长

投资者要确保投资的货币拥有坚实的经济基础和稳定的增长。货币交易者通过观察失业率、贸易量、GDP等数据来判断经济增长。

如果出现以下情况:
坏  失业率上升
好  失业率下降
好  GDP增长
坏  GDP下降
好  出口增长
坏  出口下降

利率

资金时刻追随着利率。如果利率上涨,资金就会从全世界流入该国,因为投资者会将资金投入高收益的货币中。若想知道利率的增减,投资者要时刻关注经济通胀指标和重要人士讲话。一般来讲,利率调整的时间是会提前公布的。BOE, FED, ECB, BOJ等各国央行都会定期召开会议,讨论是否对利率进行调整。

如果出现以下情况:
好  利率上涨
坏  利率下降

政治稳定性

选举风波、政权更迭、高失业率以及国际冲突都会使得投资者捂紧钱袋、提高警惕。投资者会特别关注该国的重大新闻。

如果出现以下情况:
坏  地缘政治紧张
坏  自然灾害
坏  恐怖主义威胁

What Moves Rates?

In the currency market, traders buy and sell currencies with the hope of making a profit when the value of the currencies changes in their favor, whether from market news or events that take place around the world. Currencies, just like any other commodity that can be bought or sold, are subject to the laws of supply and demand. When more people want a particular currency, the cost of the currency in terms of other currencies will go up. When demand decreases or people do not want to hold a country’s currency, the value will go down. What factors affect supply and demand for a currency?

Economic Growth

Investors want to be sure that they are investing in a solid economy that is achieving steady growth. Currency traders looking to assess the economic growth of a country will look at unemployment, trade, and GDP data.

What Happens If...
BAD Rise in Unemployment
GOOD Fall in Unemployment
GOOD Rise in GDP
BAD Fall in GDP
GOOD Rise in Exports
BAD Fall in Exports

Interest Rates

Money tends to follow interest rates. If interest rates go up, money will flow into the country from all over the world as investors seek to capitalize higher returns. To determine whether interest rates will rise or fall, investors pay attention to economic inflation indicators as well as speeches by influential figures. Generally, the timing of interest rate moves are known in advance. They take place after regularly scheduled meetings by the BOE, FED, ECB, BOJ, and other central banks.

What Happens If...
GOOD Rise in Interest Rates
BAD Fall in Interest Rates

Political Stability

Election turmoil, changes of government, high unemployment and international conflict all make investors cautious to put their money in a given country. Investors will watch for major news that comes out of a country.

What Happens If...
BAD Geo-Political Tensions
BAD Natural Disaster
BAD Threat of Terrorism

本文翻译由兄弟财经提供
文章来源:http://www.actionforex.com/articles-library/forex-articles/what-moves-forex-rates%3f-200510082389/
 

 承诺与声明

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本文所含内容及观点仅为一般信息,并无任何意图被视为买卖任何货币或差价合约的建议或请求。文中所含内容及观点均可能在不被通知的情况下更改。本文并未考 虑任何特定用户的特定投资目标、财务状况和需求。任何引用历史价格波动或价位水平的信息均基于我们的分析,并不表示或证明此类波动或价位水平有可能在未来 重新发生。本文所载信息之来源虽被认为可靠,但作者不保证它的准确性和完整性,同时作者也不对任何可能因参考本文内容及观点而产生的任何直接或间接的损失承担责任。

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